Archive for the 'videos' Category

Origin and Development of Cookie Monster

August 21, 2009

It was my great pleasure to visit the World of Jim Henson exhibit at the nearby Science Fiction Museum in Seattle Washington last Sunday.

I keep forgetting how much I love Jim’s work and what it means to me.  I associate it with hilarity and joy and freedom in this very real way, to the point that I was once advised to be a Muppet when I grew up.

But of course Mr. Henson didn’t just start doing Muppets right out of school or anything.  (No one was hiring for Muppets.)   He had been doing graphic design and putting on plays and performances since he was a youngster, and this work led to characters that came to be what we call Muppets.

Today I’l focus on the Cookie Monster (or “koo-koo-ma”, as I called him when a toddler), forever my favorite Muppet.  Much like Jim’s work in general, Cookie Monster is wholesome, passionate, fearless, mostly uncomplicated and has no sense of shame whatsoever. He is everything that we drift away from being ourselves as we age… unless we’re a little lucky and/or Super Self Aware.

Jim had been doing these funky “beat” puppet shows since college, and after he graduated in 1958 was living in Washington DC and trying to make a few bucks with them to support his young family.

He who became Cookie Monster was one of three monsters that Jim invented for some TV commercials for a trio of snack crackers called Wheels, Crowns and Flutes and made by the same company.  He who became Cookie Monster was the “Wheel Stealer,” a creature that would sneak into people’s houses and eat their Wheels.  Alas, those commercials were never broadcast so now they’re long gone.

But there Jim was, sitting there with this hilarious googly-eyed monster puppet that loved to eat everything.  Obviously in hindsight, something was going to happen.  He was re-cast for a skit that became known as “The IBM Monster.”

(Notice how different he looks with teeth.  I also want to point out how this skit was not conceived for children, but late night adult variety television, not unlike the Late Show with Johnny Carson or Jay Leno.  Also notice that holy crap this is funny):

[I believe that’s Jim Henson’s voice that we hear from both the monster and the computer, and that neither are The Great Frank Oz, who may not have yet met Jim and started working with him.  Some research can clear this up.]

Cookie-Monster-to-be found another snack food to fall rapturously in love with, this time publicly: Frito-Lay’s Munchos potato crisps, I suspect an early cousin to today’s Pringles.  Note the now-missing teeth.

Lordy I just can’t stop cracking up from these:

[There’s just something about this fluid and unpredictable transition from wild slapstick to careful precision that just cracks me up.  Man.]

(I mean sure, he was shilling potato chips.  So what.  But I love how he did it with such style and humor, and on such a low budget, that I love these works regardless.  They transcend the fact that they’re advertising, but also got to exploit that market for economic support.  Downright alchemy; Lead into gold, water into wine.)

Frito-Lay wanted to re-up the contract, but by that time (1968?  1969?) Jim had been tapped to help with a new inner-city educational show Sesame Street (bankrolled by the Nixon administration no less) and went to work foiling poor Kermit.

At the time of these skits, he didn’t even have the name Cookie Monster yet because he hadn’t yet performed “C is for Cookie”:

“The moon sometimes looks like a C, but you can’t eat that.” –Cookie Monster

And there you have it.  Cookie Monster.  Wherefor art thou Cookie Monster.

Hm.  I don’t know how to wrap this up.

You know what?  I just realized that I thought that I had come up with “AAAAMMN-NAM-NAM-NAM” when eating something delicious.  No!  That was Cookie Monster!

What else?

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Container Blimp

January 7, 2009

Instead of trying to justify the building and operation of very large blimps by exploiting their unique VTOL (vertical take off and landing) capabilities, here’s a different approach.  Let’s look at finding a niche for blimps in an established, commoditized and analyzable industry: container shipping.

There’s a “hole” in one’s options to ship a container across the ocean.  It’s either on a super-slow and super-efficient ship or on a super-fast and super-gas-guzzling jet plane.  The fuel-burn ratio is like 100:1.

There’s no middle ground, and economic dogma states that The Market always wants to be segmented.

o Mac Mini, iMac or Mac Pro?  15″, 17″, 19″, or 21″?
o Chevy, Pontiac, Buick, Oldsmobile or Cadillac?
o Old Navy, Gap or Banana Republic?
(etc.)

Thesis: Some containers are late, and cause losses due to downtime at their intended destination.  The only choice in these situtations is to eat the downtime losses or repack everything into a cargo airplane and pay through the nose to get it there on time.  Either way, it’s expensive, and that expense is bourne by the economy in various ways.

A Container Blimp, then, is that middle ground.  It has a speed and fuel efficiency somewhere between a ship and an airplane, truck-ish or train-ish.  Surely my math is simplistic when I try to locate the correct size, but it’s definitely there somewhere.  Blimps double their fuel/ton-mile efficiency with every doubling of scale.

Besides conventional container traffic, such a contraption would also allow “UPS Ground to China.”  Just three days across the Pacific Ocean (or two days for the Atlantic), for instance, would let “about a week” thinking still work when shipping packages to foreign countries.

And an added trick is the idea of not landing the blimp at some airport and having stuff loaded into it, but rather to hoist it up and set it down all at once in the form of a special-purpose barge (exchanging it with water mass each time).  That way, interfacing with the existing infrastructure (cranes, trucks, railroads) is entirely conventional.  Also, it means the blimp is never flying over land, which will surely help regulatorially.

Parafoil Dynamic-Ballast Blimp; take 2

January 3, 2009

(This is a next-level follow-up to a previous posting.)

Over the break I found my sliderule and got more serious about estimating this thing’s size and performance.

I dropped the idea of using methane (CH4) as a lifting gas and instead went with just hydrogen (H2).  Hydrogen can be made from diesel fuel (vital for military markets… sigh), lifts more per cubic meter and has a lower fuel energy density (about 75% less), which is exactly what we want in this case.

See, the backbone of this whole scheme is that instead of having to vent lifting gas upon putting down something heavy, it allows you to productively recover its fuel value over the return trip (if it’s a certain distance or longer).

It uses deployable hanging parafoils to pull down on the blimp after putting down something heavy.  Its propulsion engines switch from a lift/weight equilibrium of hydrogen and diesel to hydrogen only.  Ergo, the blimp’s static lift is contantly decreasing until the downward-pulling parafoils are no longer needed.  Once enough hydrogen has been burned the parafoils are retracted back up against the envelope (and out of the airstream), and the engines switch back to hydrogen and diesel for the rest of the return trip.

Okay.  So far so good.

What I learned is that the parafoils-deployed hydrogen-burning first part of the return trip is still 800-1000 miles long.  To set down an interesting-size payload (a 40-ton container or a 80-ton M1 tank), that’s still a lot of hydrogen gas to burn up in the engines, and it takes a while.

And then I found that most interesting off-road shipping routes (Kuwait<->Badhad, ‘Stans<->Kandahar, Yellowknife<->the diamond mines in northern Canada) are less than 1000 miles each way.

That’s a bummer, because the blimps need a return trip 800-1000 miles long to profitably burn up all that hydrogen.

Cheat #1: Just vent the rest.  Doing so torpedoes the scheme’s whole raison d’etre, though.  If you’re usually going to vent ~half of it then why not vent all of it and skip out on the deployable parafoils complication entirely?

Cheat #2: Gain weight along the way back by scooping up water from a lake or ocean.

The bummer about water-scooping is that it’s dangerous.  The snorkel could clobber a person, boat, fishing net, sandbar or iceberg.  Ergo, it’s much more expensive to do as a robotic UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle).  A UAV can go from point A to point B with no problem as long as both points are up in the air, but to buzz the surface takes skill.

As long as it works, though, water-scooping is always a possibility when delivering cargo straight from a ship or barge.  There are probably a number of instances where this ability to operate “port-less” would be a big winner.

OTOH, if the route is entirely over land, with no bodies of water handy, one would instead have to dig long water-filled trenches somewhere handy for the blimps to scoop from.

So yeah. I’m a little bummed that the water-scooping complication is turning out to be necessary, but I don’t think it’s a show-stopper yet.  More later.

Hanging-Parafoil Dynamic-Ballast Blimp!

December 21, 2008

(This posting was followed up in a more analytical way here.)

Here’s a blimp that can put down a payload in a remote place.

This is actually a big deal.  A conventional blimp can carry a heavy load much more fuel-efficiently than an airplane or helicopter, sure, but can’t put it down!

When the weight of the payload is lost, a regular blimp suddenly has too much lift and can’t land!  Dangit!

The only two (believable) solutions to this problem so far even suggested, as far as I know, are to either 1) Just release some expensive lifting gas into the atmosphere, or 2) Trade the payload for something equally heavy like water pumped up from waiting tanker trucks.

Both solutions #1 and #2 above stink.

#1, venting lifting gas, stinks because lifting gas (helium or hydrogen) isn’t cheap.  If I want to put down a nine-pound gallon of diesel fuel at a diamond mine in northern Canada, but also have to vent four or five dollars’ worth of lifting gas in the process, then that diesel just got really expensive!

#2, trading the payload for water pumped up from below, sucks because not only must there be water trucks handy, but they must be able to get to the drop site. If a truck can get there then what’s the blimp for?

So!  Here’s my solution #3:

Right before dropping its payload, the blimp deploys these hanging parafoils (like the wings of paragliders, but hanging upside-down) and gooses the engines to start moving through the air.  The hanging parafoils generate aerodynamic down-force (like aerodynamic lift but in the downward direction) to compensate for the payload’s lost weight!

The key complication to this scheme, then, is that in order to be able to stop again — which has to happen eventually, namely back at the logistics base where the mission started — the blimp needs to lose lift and/or gain weight, so that the parafols won’t be needed anymore and can be winched back up against the blimp’s envelope.

Lift can be lost in a productive way by having all or some of the lifting gas be CH4, aka methane, aka natural gas, and just burning it up as fuel (‘cuz ‘gotta burn something, and CH4, if it’s available, is always cheaper than diesel fuel anyway).  Further, water vapor in the engines’ exhaust can be condensed to liquid water and retained in tanks, thus doubling the lift-losing/weight-gaining effect.

(The same scheme works if the lifting gas being burned up as fuel is just hydrogen.  You just need the extra machinery at the base to make that hydrogen gas in the first place plus engines that can burn it safely, a perfectly doable but not-so-off-the-shelf sort of thing.  What’s nice about hydrogen, though, is that not only does it lift twice as much as CH4 per volume, but gives about a quarter as much fuel energy per volume too.  Ergo, burning hydrogen gas instead of CH4 lets us lose-lift/gain-weight about 4X as quickly!)

Another way to gain weight is to fly over a body of water at any point along the way back and scoop up water through a special boom.  Here’s a video demo of a helicopter doing this.

And there we have it: A blimp (with some physical and procedural complexities stapled on) that actually can put something down in a remote place in a controlled, cost-efficient and non-catastrophic way!  This could be a big deal in the oil/gas exploration, military logistics and/or emergency humanitarian aid businesses (and/or the other fields that you can help me brainstorm here).

A final interesting tidbit is that since it’s so advantageous to be able to scoop up water on the way back to base, it’s an interesting idea to have that base be a ship.  That’s pretty interesting, becauase now you’re doing heavy deliveries in-country directly from a ship, without having to deal with the roadblocks, washouts, mudslides, theft, spoilage or bribe-seeking customs goons on land!  Awesome!

$6M of venture funding for WHAT?

December 12, 2008

I swear to God, there’s just so much (well-marketed) bullshit out there that sometimes I just can’t take it.

“I know! Let’s quintuple the part count and material cost per watt in exchange for a 50% better efficiency!”

“Awesome! Here’s some money! We’ll pass it off to someone richer and dumber later!”

FlyMill!

November 17, 2008

All right!  Another biggie!

The FlyMill has been a big big part of my life for years.  Here’s a 30-second video about it that I made for my Google Project 10^100 application:

The result of many years of crazy-person-esque obsession and anguish, the FlyMill was (and perhaps still is) the very best I could do at coming up with a quite-scalable scheme that would need as little physical strength per watt as conceivably possible, so as to deliver super-cheap renewable electricity in the ballpark of 2 cents/kw-hr (if all of its many engineering, mass-production and logistical challenges were solved).

(It also has some very serious problems, even as an idea, which I’ll save for last.)

So it’s basically a set of “electric airplanes,” with direct-drive windmills for propellers, booking around in a circle.

The planes are made of metal or plastic, and not cloth like some other kite-power schemes I’ve seen.  I just can’t believe in anything that’s not clothless, because no cloth lasts very long in the open air 24-7 (without maintenance).

Super-genius autopilot flight control lets the planes bias their tether up above horizontal, and thus not crash into the ground.

When there’s no wind at all then the tether points straight up and the airplanes consume electricity to stay aloft, because the idea of landing and then taking off is just too horrifying for me to think about.  They consume some fraction as much electricity to stay aloft in dead air as they produce when there’s a decent wind.

(A windmill, when driven instead of driving something, makes a crappily-inefficient but still somewhat-functional propeller.  That’s how the electric airplanes can theoretically propel themselves at low speed.)

Since it’s tethered, it could be deployed out to sea.  Chains get linearly more expensive with length=depth, while with windmill towers it’s something like the third power of length=depth.

The abiilty to cheaply work in deep water is a big big deal.  There’s a lot of wind and a lot of real estate out there, and that real estate is far from most authorities with the power to sue. Out of city waters, out of county waters, out of provincial waters, etc.  This is important!  Terrestrial wind power is basically illegal in France, for instance, because there are so many grounds (environmental, eyesore etc.) upon which someone can sue to keep a wind farm from being built.

Another key idea: The last 20% of a regular windmill blade’s length is where 50% of the power is, but is also the cheapest 20% of the blade’s length.  A regular windmill blade must get stronger and stronger the closer it gets to the hub, which is where the material=weight=expense is.  The FlyMill has blade tips only!

So on a per-watt basis, this tips-only property is why I believe that a FlyMill needs less material/physical strength per watt than a conventional windmill.  If everything else about it can be made to work and Detroit-scale mass production (hopefully not involving carbon fiber or even aluminum if possible) can make the planes, then this lower material-per-watt ratio would be the ultimate key to the FlyMill’s low cost.

The FlyMill is also gearless.  The “propellers” direct-drive the motor-generators.  This is important because the gearboxes on regular windmills are frightfully complicated, expensive, and still keep breaking down!  The FlyMill has no gears!  Yes!

So.  It can be installed over more real estate, in better winds, while using much less material strength than regular windmils.  So, why aren’t they all over the place by now?

Well, dammit, because of some very ugly apparent showstoppers.  Showstoppers I just haven’t found a way around, even in the imagination:

Showstopper 1: The autopilot control algorithm of the planes will be super complicated.  Just one crash into the ground and it’s all over.

Showstopper 2: The electric airplanes have many actuators.  They have rudders, ailerons, tail flaps, etc.  So how oh how could they keep on actuating, day in day out, for 10+ years without being serviced?  And if not, how could they be serviced? I don’t know!

Showstopper 3: The power electronics needed to speed-control the many “propellers” on the planes and combine their outputs into a single high-voltage cable to the ground would not be free.  Furthermore, the power cable coming down along the tether will be prohibitively heavy unless the electricity is upped to many thousands of volts.  That’s not free either.

(Am I making any sense here?)

“PCC” (Parallel Compound Cycle) aircraft engine

October 21, 2008

This is me trying to find a way around (some of) the complexity that doomed the Napier Nomad of 1947.  The Nomad, now a museum piece, is still the most fuel-efficient aircraft engine ever built (in terms of simple mechanical output per fuel input), but it didn’t work very well and came out right before big dumb lightweight turbojets and cheap post-war oil:

(below is a video, not a picture)

Like ye ole Nomad, it’s basically a gas turbine with a very-compressed diesel engine for a combustor.  Since a diesel can handle significantly higher instantaneous maximum temperatures than a turbine can, better fuel efficiency results.

Plus, the gas turbine also acts as a bitchin’-powerful turbocharger for the diesel and keeps its size=weight down when compared to a regular diesel running by itself.

And finally, it’s apparently a better deal to let both the diesel and turbine produce power, as opposed to a diesel with a simple turbocharger that only drives itself.

But, instead of using scary gears to join the gas turbine and diesel together onto a single output shaft, the Parallel Compound Cycle engine cheats.  No gears.  Each side, the diesel and turbine, drives its own propulsion fan.

So the diesel and turbine sides are connected only by tubes (compressed air and exhaust to/from the diesel), not gearing.  They’re both propelling the same airplane, so their power outputs are combined that way.

Further, since there are two “actuator disks” per engine (one for the diesel’s fan, and another for the turbine’s) instead of one, propulsive efficiency (thrust per horsepower) is upped a little bit to boot.

This was probably written about and shot down decades ago but dangit, I just haven’t found anything about it.  Just in case this is a new idea, I offer it up here.  Thank you.

The 20 Year Computer

October 10, 2008

This one hasn’t let me go for months.  The idea is to zealously over-engineer the few parts of a computer where almost all failures happen: the power suppy, disks and thermal management components.

Not “hot-swapping” bad parts, but rather just building in the spares it’ll need down the line and forgetting about it.

The point is being able to deploy a bit of software to a site and not be constantly biting your nails about it failing because the computer broke.   There are $2k computers out there controlling $2M machines with a some-hundred a month service contract, which just doesn’t make a lot of sense.  I’m interested in whether there’s a niche out there for $3k computers re-packaged into $15k bunkers that do the exact same thing, but for much longer, unattended.

There’s “cost-effective” and then there’s “trust-effective.”

(A point I forgot to make is that this thing has a slow-clock low-power supervisor computer, with its own mil-spec Vicor power supply and little UPS, that handles the temperature sensing, fan control and power supply switching.  That’s custom, and is invisible to the big “other” computer.)

SkypeBot, a video telephone appliance

October 9, 2008

This would sure help us include people in meetings when they’re far away.  Further, it helps someone “take a look at something” from afar.

UPDATE: It occurs to me now that instead of the robot arms, which are great but horribly impractical, it instead have the screen on a super-quick motorized pan (left/right), tilt (up/down) AND rotation (leaning to left/right) control, so that all the ways one can move his head around is translated into the screen’s movement.  That’s a whole lot of expression right there, and it could theoretically be controlled via pattern-recognition wizardry on the picture of the person’s face.  That can work.

Oh yeah, and a motorized laser pointer, so the remote person can reach out and point to stuff: that button right THERE.

“Voice Reply” to emails?

October 8, 2008

What if you could send/reply-to an email with a voice message?  That would sure be handy in some situations, I think.  What if semi-literate (ie “most”) customers could do that for you?

(And how is this an opportunity to make a buck?)